AskDefine | Define pleasant

Dictionary Definition

pleasant adj
1 affording pleasure; being in harmony with your taste or likings; "a pleasant person to be around"; "we had a pleasant evening together"; "a pleasant scene"; "pleasant sensations" [ant: unpleasant]
2 pleasant in manner or behavior; "I didn`t enjoy it and probably wasn't a pleasant person to be around"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From plaisant.

Pronunciation

  • IPA /'plεzənt/

Adjective

  1. Giving pleasure; pleasing in manner.

Translations

giving pleasure; pleasing in manner

Extensive Definition

Pleasure is commonly conceptualized as a positive experience, happiness, entertainment, enjoyment, ecstasy, and euphoria. It is the absolute opposite of pain.
People commonly feel this phenomenon through exercise, sexuality, music, usage of drugs, writing, accomplishment, recognition, service, and any other imaginable activity; even pain (known by its medical terminology masochism). It also refers to "enjoyment" related to certain physical, sensual, emotional or mental experience.

Philosophy

Pleasure may also be defined, at least in some contexts, as being the reduction or absence of pain. Epicurus and his followers defined pleasure as the absence of pain.
The 19th Century German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer understood pleasure as a negative sensation, as it negates the usual existential condition, that of suffering.
Utilitarianism and New Hedonism philosophies both attempt to increase to the maximum the amount of pleasure and minimize the amount of pain.

Neurology

The pleasure center is the set of brain structures, predominantly the nucleus accumbens, theorized to produce great pleasure when stimulated electrically. Some references state that the septum pellucidium is generally considered to be the pleasure center while others mention the hypothalamus when referring to pleasure center for intracranial stimulation.. Certain chemicals are known to stimulate the pleasure centers of the brain. These include dopamine and various endorphins.

References

pleasant in German: Freude
pleasant in Spanish: Placer
pleasant in Croatian: Zadovoljstvo
pleasant in Italian: Piacere
pleasant in Hebrew: עונג
pleasant in Polish: Przyjemność
pleasant in Portuguese: Prazer
pleasant in Russian: Удовольствие
pleasant in Finnish: Mielihyvä
pleasant in Slovak: Radosť
pleasant in Swedish: Njutning
pleasant in Yiddish: פארגעניגען

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

achingly sweet, advantageous, affable, agreeable, agreeable-sounding, alluring, amiable, amicable, appealing, approachable, appropriate, ariose, arioso, attractive, auspicious, balmy, beaming, beneficial, benevolent, blissful, blithe, blithesome, bon, bonny, braw, bright, bright and fair, bright and sunny, brotherly, bueno, canorous, cantabile, capital, catchy, charming, cheerful, cheering, cheery, clear, cloudless, cogent, commendable, companionable, compatible, complaisant, congenial, convivial, cordial, courteous, cultivated, cultured, debonair, delectable, delicious, delightful, desirable, dulcet, elated, elegant, en rapport, engaging, enjoyable, estimable, eupeptic, euphonic, euphonious, euphonous, euphoric, exalted, excellent, exhilarated, expedient, fair, fair and pleasant, famous, favorable, felicific, felicitous, fine, fine-toned, fitting, flushed, fraternal, friendlike, friendly, genial, genteel, glad, gladsome, glowing, golden, golden-tongued, golden-voiced, good, goodly, gracious, grand, grateful, gratifying, gregarious, happy, harmonious, healthy, heart-warming, helpful, high, honeyed, hopeful, hospitable, in good spirits, in high spirits, inviting, irrepressible, joyful, joyous, kind, laudable, laughing, likable, likeable, lovely, melic, mellifluent, mellifluous, mellisonant, mellow, melodic, melodious, music-flowing, music-like, musical, neighborlike, neighborly, nice, noble, of good cheer, open, optimistic, outgoing, palatable, peaceable, pleasant-sounding, pleasing, pleasurable, pleasure-giving, pleasureful, polished, polite, pretty, profitable, radiant, rainless, regal, rewarding, riant, rich, rosy, royal, sanguine, sanguineous, satisfying, savory, silver-toned, silver-tongued, silver-voiced, silvery, simpatico, singable, sisterly, skillful, smiling, sociable, songful, songlike, sonorous, sound, sparkling, splendid, suave, suitable, sunny, sweet, sweet-flowing, sweet-sounding, sympathique, toothsome, tunable, tuneful, undarkened, unhostile, urbane, useful, valid, very good, virtuous, welcome, welcoming, well-affected, well-bred, well-disposed, well-intentioned, well-mannered, well-meaning, well-meant, winning, winsome
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